Stephen Hawking is dead
Hawking had suffered for years from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, whichore led to paralysis of almost his entire body. However, this did not prevent him from actively participating in the public debate on the condition of humanity. Many times mowished that humanity, in order to survive, must leave the Earth and has less and less time to do so.
„We are deeply saddened. He was a great scientist and an extraordinary man whoore his work and legacy will live on for many years to come. His courage and perseverance, brilliance and humor inspired people around the world. It will be missed forever” – wrote his children in a statement to mediow.
He was diagnosed with the disease at the age of 21. Doctors gave him no chance of living to see his 25th birthday. However, he survived another po³ age. His observations shaped wspomodern cosmology and inspired millions of people around the world.
Because of the krotkich prognosis presented to him by his doctors, Hawking fell into depression and had problems with alcohol. His approach changed when, while a hospital patient, he watched the death of a boy he met there from leukemia. „Although a black cloud hung over my future, I was surprised to find that I enjoy life more now than before” – he admitted years later.
Hawking was the author of many groundbreaking scientific concepts and hypotheses in astrophysics. The book, whichohe wrote – „Krotale of time”, was a bestseller for many weeks on the list of „Sunday Times”. It was translated into 40 languageoin, and more than 10 million have been soldoin copies of.
„Moj goal is simple. It is a complete understanding of the universe, why it is the way it is and why in ogole exists” – declared the young Hawking when he began his scientific career. He was primarily engaged in theoretical cosmology. His favorite topics were black holes and quantum gravity.
Wspolncluding Roger Penrose’em in 1970, he developed theorems about the existence of singularities within the ogolne theory of relativity. In 1974, Hawking used quantum theory to announce that black holes should emit radiation. For normal-sized black holes the process is extremely slow, but miniature black holes emit radiation at a spectacular rate eventually exploding with the energy of a millionoin hydrogen bombs – Hawking claimed. This radiation is known today as Hawking radiation or Bekenstein radiation–Hawking’s
He became a member of the Royal Society at the age of just 32. He was decorated many times. He was awarded the Order of the British Empire and the Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor of the US.
In a recent public appearance a few days ago, Hawking explained his concept regarding the Big Bang in a program „StarTalk” ktorego hosted by Neil deGrasse Tyson. When asked what was before the Big Bang, Hawking said that there is no such thing as time before the Big Bang, so there was nothing before the Big Bang. For more on this topic, see What was before the Big Bang? Stephen Hawking explains.